Bridges of Budapest

Budapest is also known as the city of the bridges: the city is crossed by seven bridges that connect Buda to Pest.

The Chain Bridge:

In the 19th century the citizens had a growing need for a bridge. However, there were many opponents of the plan. The Hungarian engineers did not have sufficient experience to build a large river bridge and the nobles also have to pay taxes for the use of the bridge, so the bridge is meant to introduce the public burdens. Budapest’s first permanent crossing over the Danube river was completed in 1849 as a marvel of the 19th century’s technological advancements. Its name comes from the iron chains, on which the road-bed hangs. The chains are held by two 48-meter river piers in classicist style. At the time of its construction, the Chain Bridge was the suspension bridge with the second-largest span all over the world. The stone lions took their place only in 1852. They luckily survived the devastation of World War II. According to a legend, the lions of the Chain Bridge do not have tongues. The legend lacks any factual basis: in fact the lions do have their tongues but it is only possible to see their tongues from above! 47.498942, 19.043747

Elisabeth Bridge:

The original Elizabeth Bridge blew up by the German forces on 18 January 1945. We do not know exactly why, but just one of the four charges exploded. The breakaway southern chain dragging the Buda-side pylons into the Danube. It is interesting that the northern chain injured and mangled, but not broken. The Pest side pylons remained standing and until the beginning of the construction of the new bridge reminded of this devastation of the war. This bridge in liberty style was built at the beginning of 1900 and dedicated to the murdered Queen in 1898. Until 1926 it was the biggest pillarless bridge in Europe. Destroyed by the German during the war it was rebuilt in 1964. It is the third newest bridge in Budapest. 47.490969, 19.049273

Margaret Bridge:

The bridge is very run-down condition of the 2000s, became dangerous, reconstruction has become an urgent task. The reconstruction - after the Megyeri Bridge and Liberty Bridge completion - began 21 August 2009. It was closed to road traffic for at least a year, but trams maintained partial service over the bridge using temporary track. The works were completed in December 2011 and the project took more than 20 billion forints. (Half of the costs are financed from EU funds.) They tried to restore appearance before the Second World War. Instead of reinforced concrete, durable steel slab built it, new barriers and floodlight were placed. The middle lanes was widened and the sidewalk is expanded by 2 meters. In addition, bicycle path constructed on it. This is the bridge that connects the Margaret Island to Buda and Pest. The Budapest tourists really like this island, because there are a lot of good recreational facilities. It was built in 1901 and destroyed during the war by an explosion. It was rebuilt in 1948. The bridge is situated at the north of the city center. It has a curious shape because upon meeting the island, it breaks at a 30° angle. 47.514629, 19.043479

Liberty Bridge:

After the transfer of the Margaret Bridge, the revenues continued to grow from the bridge taxes. Based on the 1885 XXI law article, if the annual revenue from bridge taxes is more than 650 000 Ft, they have to build a fourth bridge. This finally occurred in 1890. In Art nouveau style, it is one of the most beautiful bridges in Europe. It was built in the occasion of the Hungarian millenary festivities of 1989. At the two ends of the bridge we find the Gellért Hotel and Spa and the Market Hall. 47.485770, 19.055036

Árpád Bridge:

Today's bridge site was a bridge, what has been established by the Romans. It was linked the Aquincum and the fort on the other side. There was a plan in the early 1900s, to create a new bridge, named Árpád, however the tender was announced only in 1929. The Árpád Bridge was completed in 1950 at the north of margaret island, its length is 2 km. It was built where already the Romans erected a bridge to connect Acquincum with another settlement on the Pest side. 47.537478, 19.054099

Petőfi Bridge:

Budapest already made a proposal in 1908 to build the bridge, but the responsible persons thought a bridge in Óbuda is more important. Due to the outbreak of the First World War, the issue was postponed, however, the bridge was still needed. The Pefőfi Bridge was built during the 30s, destroyed during the war and then rebuilt in 1952. 47.478869, 19.063515

Rákóczi Bridge:

Built between 1992 and 1995, the Rákóczi bridge was originally destined to smoothen the augmented traffic flow during the 1996 expo that finally never took place in Budapest. The Rákóczi Bridge is the second newest bridge of Budapest as of 2013. The bridge has been designed from the beginning to the transfer of trams and the place left to the tram track in the middle of the bridge, but the tracks were not laid off. The bridge passage line section and the upgrade of the tram 1 was built together. The bridge is planned to deliver by the end of January 2015. However, due to the National Transport Authority delayed the opening of the bridge. They did a required load test with 1000t and after that they opened the extended tram section. 47.468715, 19.067369